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How To Square Numbers In Google Sheets (3 Easy Methods)

If you need to calculate the square of a number in Google Sheets, you have a few straightforward options. 

For starters, squaring a number means multiplying it by itself. So, the square of 9 would be 9*9, which sums up to 81. 

Working with squares of numbers in Google Sheets is a common operation, and Google provides built-in functions to square numbers in Google Sheets quickly and easily. 

Whether you are a student, analyst, or casual user, learning how to square numbers in Google Sheets can be incredibly useful. 

Today’s guide will walk you through the different methods to square numbers in Google Sheets so you can choose the approach that works best for your needs.

Easy Methods to Square Numbers in Google Sheets

Now that you understand what squaring a number means, it’s time to explore the different ways you can square numbers in Google Sheets. Even if you’re a complete beginner with Google Sheets, you’ll find these methods simple to apply.

Google Sheets offers multiple approachable techniques to square numbers, allowing you to choose the one that best suits your workflow and preferences. 

Whether you’re a student, an analyst, or someone who uses spreadsheets for personal or professional tasks, mastering these methods will make squaring numbers in Google Sheets a breeze.

Let’s dive right in and explore the different options for squaring numbers in Google Sheets effortlessly.

Copy Sample Sheet

Want to practice squaring numbers in Google Sheets? Make a copy of our sample sheet to follow along with the tutorials hands-on. Click the link below to get your own editable copy.

Copy Sheet

How to Square Numbers in Google Sheets Using Multiplication

One of the most straightforward methods to square numbers in Google Sheets is by using the multiplication operator. This approach is suitable for those who prefer working directly with formulas.

Let’s assume we have a dataset with numbers in column A, and we want to calculate their squares in column B.

With our sample data nicely put together, let’s jump into the step-by-step process together. 

Step 1: Select the Cell for the Result

First, select the cell in column B where you want to display the squared result for the first number. For our example, we will go with cell B1. 

Step 2: Enter the Formula

After deciding which area of your spreadsheet you want the squared result to be, its time to input the formula. 

What you want to do is head to the formula bar and type in the following formula:

Essentially, this formula multiplies the value in cell A1 by itself, effectively squaring the number. 

Step 3: Hit Enter

After inputting your formula like we showed you in Step 2, simply go ahead and press the Enter button on your keyboard. Google Sheets should generate the squared result in the selected cell. 

See what ours looks like: 

Step 3: Copy the Formula Down

With the formula entered in cell B1, you can copy it down to the remaining cells in column B by hovering your mouse over the bottom-right corner of the selected cell until the cursor changes to a plus sign (+). Then, click and drag downwards to fill the formula in the remaining cells.

The video below provides better clarification on how to approach it. 

After executing all the steps we showed you, your spreadsheet should now look something like this:




Looking at the screenshot above, you can see the squared values in column B. 

So, if you ever need to square numbers in Google Sheets and want a straightforward way to do it, leveraging the multiplication method will make your task insanely easy. 

How to Square Numbers in Google Sheets Using POWER()

While the multiplication method for squaring numbers in Google Sheets is straightforward, Google Sheets also offers a dedicated function called POWER() that can make the process even more efficient. 

This function is particularly useful when you need to square multiple numbers or raise a number to any power.

In this section, we will go over the step-by-step process together so you get the hang of how to maximize this function to the fullest. 

Let’s continue with the same sample data we used earlier, where we have numbers in column A, and we want to calculate their squares in column B.

Step 1: Select the Cell for the Result

The first thing we want to do is decide which area of our spreadsheet where we want the squared result displayed. For this example, we will choose cell B1. 

Step 2: Enter the POWER() Formula

After deciding on a cell where you want the squared result to be, head over to the formula bar and type in the following formula:

Let’s break the formula down:

The POWER() function takes two arguments:

  1. The number you want to raise to a power (in this case, A1, which refers to the value in cell A1)
  1. The power to which you want to raise the number (in this case, 2, since we want to square the number)

Step 3: Press Enter

With the Power() formula executed like we showed you in step 2, go ahead and hit the Enter button on your keyboard. The squared result should be generated in the selected cell. 

Here is what we got:



Step 3: Copy the Formula Down

With the formula entered in B1, you can copy it down to the remaining cells in column B by hovering your mouse over the bottom-right corner of the selected cell until the cursor changes to a plus sign (+). Then, click and drag downwards to fill the formula in the remaining cells.

After executing Step 3 as we showed you, your data should now look like this:

From the screenshot above, you can see that column B features the squared values of the corresponding numbers in column A. We were able to achieve this by using the POWER() function.

For starters, the POWER() function is a versatile option for squaring numbers in Google Sheets, as it can also be used to raise a number to any other power by changing the second argument.

Squaring Numbers in Google Sheets Using SQRT()

In addition to using multiplication and the POWER() function, Google Sheets offers other techniques for squaring numbers. One such method involves the SQRT() function, which can be useful when you need to find the square root of a number.

What’s cool about the SQRT function is that it can be used to calculate the square root of a number. And we will show you how to go about it in this section. 

To demonstrate how to calculate the square root of a number using the SQRT function, we will use the following sample data. 

Step 1: Choose an Empty Cell

The first thing we need to do is choose an empty cell. This is where we want our calculated result to be. For this example, we will select cell B1

Step 2: Enter the Formula

After deciding on the cell where you want the result to be, navigate to the formula bar and type in the following formula. 

Step 3: Press Enter 

Now that you have typed in your SQRT formula as we showed you, go ahead and hit the Enter button on your keyboard. You should see the result instantly generated in the selected cell. 

Here is what we got using our own data:



Step 4: Copy the Formula Down

With the formula entered in B1, you can copy it down to the remaining cells in column B by hovering your mouse over the bottom-right corner of the selected cell until the cursor changes to a plus sign (+). Then, click and drag downwards to fill the formula in the remaining cells.

We showed you how to do that earlier using a video demonstration.

After executing this step, you should get something like this:

Note: The SQRT() function calculates the square root of a given number, which is essentially the value that, when multiplied by itself, results in the original number. For example, the square root of 25 is 5 because 5 multiplied by 5 equals 25.

In the context of squaring numbers, the SQRT() function is used to perform the reverse operation. By multiplying the square root of a number by itself, we can obtain the square of that number. This approach leverages the fact that the square root is the inverse operation of squaring.

Frequently Asked Questions on How to Square Numbers in Google Sheets

How can I Calculate the Square of a Number in Google Sheets?

There are multiple ways to square a number in Google Sheets. One straightforward approach is to use the multiplication operator (*) by entering a formula like =A1*A1, where A1 is the cell containing the number you want to square. Alternatively, you can use the POWER() function with the formula =POWER(A1,2). Google Sheets also allows you to use the caret symbol (^) as an exponent operator, so you can enter =A1^2 to square the value in cell A1.

How Can I Calculate the Square Root of a Number in Google Sheets?

To calculate the square root of a number in Google Sheets, you can use the SQRT() function. For example, to find the square root of the value in cell A1, you would enter the formula =SQRT(A1) in another cell. Google Sheets does not have a dedicated square root symbol, but the SQRT() function serves the same purpose and provides the square root value.

Final Thoughts

Squaring numbers is a fundamental mathematical operation that finds applications in various domains, from academics to data analysis. Interestingly, Google Sheets offers multiple methods to square numbers, catering to different preferences and workflow styles.

The multiplication method is perhaps the most intuitive way to square numbers in Google Sheets. We love this method because it allows users to square numbers by simply multiplying a cell value with itself. It’s a straightforward technique that doesn’t require memorizing any functions, making it an excellent choice for beginners or those who prefer working with basic formulas.

For those seeking a more specialized solution, the POWER() function provides a dedicated way to square numbers and even raise them to any other power. This function is particularly useful when dealing with large datasets or when performing multiple operations involving exponents.

Additionally, the SQRT() function offers a unique perspective on squaring numbers by leveraging the inverse operation of finding the square root. While it may seem counterintuitive at first, this method demonstrates the versatility of Google Sheets functions and how they can be combined to achieve various mathematical goals.

Regardless of the method chosen, Google Sheets provides a user-friendly environment for squaring numbers, making it accessible to users of all skill levels. 

Whether you’re a student, an analyst, or someone who uses spreadsheets for personal or professional tasks, mastering these techniques will undoubtedly enhance your productivity and streamline your workflow.